Oct 15, · Buying Bitcoin in China Summary Due to the clamping down of the Chinese government on cryptocurrency related activities, buying Bitcoin within China is only possible on peer-to-peer basis. Once you have Bitcoin, you can trade it for altcoins on crypto-only exchanges such as Binance. Jul 06, · Bitcoin trading volume Some of the largest digital currency exchanges today, including Huobi and Binance, were founded and headquartered in China. At one point in , reports indicated that the Chinese yuan accounted for at least 71% of all Bitcoin trades worldwide. In September , however, all of that came to an end. Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency Trading in China The history of Bitcoin in China is a turbulent one. China was one of the earliest countries to enthusiastically adopt Bitcoin and crypto. In , a Chinese charity began accepting donations in Bitcoin.
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Following the ban, Huobi has migrated its headquarters to Singapore. Even so, more than 70 per cent of Huobi Global users are Chinese who live outside China or use a virtual private network service. It offers OKCoin as a payment and a loan app for consumers. In , founder Star Xu was detained in China in relation to suspected digital currency fraud.
Initially founded in as Bter. It primarily focuses on crypto-to-crypto and Chinese yuan over-the-counter OTC trading. During the spring of , Gate. It is also yet to launch its proprietary blockchain, Gatechain. Owing to the strict restrictions on cryptocurrency trading, most of the trading occurs through OTC counters or peer-to-peer marketplaces.
LocalBitcoins is one of the best over-the-counter exchanges used in China. There is currently no provision of tax applicable to cryptocurrencies. But since they are viewed as virtual property, the transaction involved value added tax as well as income tax for capital gains if the trade is considered an investment. The official reply of the State Administration of Taxation regarding taxes on income originating from cryptocurrency trading recognizes the income generated by individuals who purchase virtual currency as taxable income for individual income tax.
The original price of the virtual currency sold by individuals shall be equal to the price for purchasing that virtual currency over the Internet plus the relevant tax and fees.
Overall, the taxation regulation and assessment is pretty vague. Most mining firms undergo strict tax inspection and have to comply with Chinese legal customer disclosure, allowing the government to know on whose behalf who crypto is being mined.
Since China has slowly been regulating mining, Bitmain and other firms have begun shifting their functions abroad. Bitcoin is officially recognized property by the Shenzhen Court of International Arbitration. This allows individuals and businesses to own and transfer Bitcoin without going against financial regulations. As a result, not only on peer-to-peer transfers but most merchants will accept crypto. However, major mobile payment institutions like WeChat and AliPay, still ban cryptocurrency trading and transactions.
For the most part, however, spending bitcoin in China works on a case-by-case basis because it is mostly handled through OTC networks. Up until September , China was at the forefront in the Bitcoin market as its citizens had become leading traders and miners of the cryptocurrency. In January , a fresh crackdown from Beijing saw fringe trading platforms such as P2P and over-the-counter resources banned.
At the same time, mixed signals have been given over the status of cryptocurrency mining. In Mainland China, even before the ban, banks were forbidden from trading Bitcoins, and payment processors could not use Bitcoin. All the Bitcoin exchanges were subject to the same internet censorship and licensing restrictions which are enforced by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
China is the world leader when it comes to mining Bitcoin. Even after the ban, mining continues. Electricity in China is extremely cheap as compared to other countries. Electricity costs is the most important factor for a profitable mining operation. As mining difficulty increases, the least efficient miners are forced to shut down first. The miner that can solve the fastest gets the reward.
In China, energy producers can also burn coal and use the energy for Bitcoin mining. Interestingly, the Chinese government has not been very intrusive with the mining operations. Since , Bitcoin has provided an increasingly viable alternative to the fiat currency system, and as long as there that system continues to be suveilled and controlled by third-parties, there will be demand for decentralized alternatives.
The Ledger Nano X is the newest crypto hardware wallet, and is very easy to use. Atomic wallet is a multicurrency mobile wallet with a beautiful interface and easy to use features. Electrum is a Bitcoin-only wallet that has been around since It's easy to use, but has advanced features.
In addition to the big players such as Binance, Huobi, and OKex, there are some smaller but still significant Chinese exchanges. Miners in China benefit from very low energy prices - partly due to an abundance of cheap but dirty coal - and the presence of many of the major mining pools, which help ensure steady income.
A relatively consistent cash flow helps miners budget for operating expenses, market fluctuations, and the inevitable hardware upgrades required every year or two to stay competitive. This shows the importance of Bitcoin mining as a serious industry in China. This industry could not operate at such a scale without the blessing - tacit or official - of the CCP. There are concerns about one country controlling a majority portion of the Bitcoin hash rate.
This centralization of mining power is antithetical to the ideology of Bitcoin. If you're interested learning more about Bitcoin, mining including how to set up your own node, check out our guide here. For more on Bitcoin mining in China, we have a page outlining the history and future of the mining industry in China. Plus Token was a Ponzi scheme that was marketed as a high-yield investing platform.
Check out the inforgraphic below for a brief overview of the plustoken scam. First off, those who put money into Plus Token were generally people unfamiliar with the world of Bitcoin and cryptocurrency.
Moreover, rapid growth for investors has not been at all out of the ordinary in recent years in China. China has enjoyed an explosion of wealth creation in recent decades, so Chinese citizens used to quick capital growth and wealth accumulation are less sensitive to this type of Ponzi when they front as high-yield investments.
Plus Token advised users on how to purchase crypto that they could then deposit into the app. Users were paid for the "interest" on their deposits, and received their dividends in the form of the app's native Plus Token. While early users did receive payouts, unless they immediately converted their Plus tokens to a more reputable currency, they ended up being scammed just as much as those who lost their deposits and never received any dividends at all.
Plus token is now not listed on any exchanges, and is essentially worthless. As with many scams, a lot of effort was put into making it seem legitimate. There were advertisements in Chinese supermarkets, rave-like events in auditoriums set to K-Pop soundtracks, even billboards in Chinese cities. The promise of high returns combined with incentives for bringing in new users is always a recipe for trouble. Yet it can be hard to look past the lure of money and see a scam for what it truly is.
ACChain was a freshly-minted ICO that aimed to create a platform to streamline the process of digitizing monetary assets onto a blockchain. Some investors were unhappy with the level of engagement from the team on their official Telegram channel, and requested to see pictures of them at work.
When these were not provided, one investor and Reddit user slinterface went to the company's offices in Shenzen, China. Slinterface asked around and neighboring offices confirmed that ACChain executive Jia Wan and two companies were present in those offices until February Both are majority-owned by a third company, for which Jia Wan serves as legal representative.
Shenzhen Puyin Blockchain Group was under investigation by the Police Department of Nanshan District for false and illegal advertising. Neighbors also reported that about three weeks after ACChain left the offices, a group of "mafia-like" men came and took everything that remained.
There are reports that they were arrested. After the disappearance of the team, it emerged that a company named ACChain Technology International Services was registered in the tax haven of Jersey. There has been little word of developments in the case, though one thing is for sure: ACChain investors will be lucky to see a cent of their equity ever returned. It's hard to know exactly how much Bitcoin is owned by Chinese individuals or entities.
The nature of the blockchain does not give any real clues as to the country of origin of any wallet's holder. Bitcoin's pseudonymity also makes it hard - or impossible, without special tools - to tie together a user's multiple wallets, or to determine what percentage of coins are irrevocably lost. While many of the largest exchanges are Chinese - Binance, Huobi, and OKex are the largest exchanges either founded or currently operating out of China - they all serve clients from around the world.
The Chinese government has given no indication that it holds any Bitcoin, nor would its recent attitude towards crypto suggest that it would be likely to divulge that sort of information. This all makes it very difficult to get an accurate idea of how much Bitcoin China or Chinese residents own. It's simple to find out what would happen if China bans Bitcoin mining: it's happened a couple of times in the past.
China's back-and-forth attitude to Bitcoin has put miners under stress. While mining has and hasn't been banned in China at different points over the last decade, miners have continued to operate. The effects of the ban are more of a removal of official privileges rather than an outright cessation of activity.
For example, in August 21 Bitcoin miners in Inner Mongolia had their ability to buy and sell excess energy on the local energy market revoked.
This effectively stripped them of the discount that helped make their operations profitable. It was the regional government that ordered this crackdown, rather than the CCP itself, though the local authorities were clearly acting with the state government's recent proclamations in mind. Interestingly, one of the firms that was blacklisted was the Inner Mongolia department of China Telecom, which suggests that some state-affiliated enterprises are getting in on mining.
The suspension came after government inspections revealed that of the 30 "cloud computing service providers" in the area, 21 of them were actually crypto mining farms. This reaction shows that China is less interested in eliminating Bitcoin mining than it is in controlling it. If China truly did ban Bitcoin mining once and for all, there would be a large effect on the hashrate, which would drop significantly in the short-term.
This would create a price incentive for miners to move or start up businesses elsewhere with cheap energy and favorable regulations, bringing the hash rate back up in the medium to long-term. For the moment, Bitcoin mining is alive and mostly well in China, with new operations opening frequently. You can check the price of Bitcoin in China by visiting any Chinese exchange and seeing what the last price the asset sold for was.
Alternatively, there are a range of market reporting tools out there such as CoinGecko which aggregate information from a list of the largest exchanges. These list the "official" price, non-inclusive of fees and premiums that Chinese customers may have to pay.
As cnLedger explains, the easiest way to buy Bitcoin after the ban is to buy a stablecoin OTC, which is legal in China and can then be sent to any exchange in the world to buy Bitcoin or any other crypto. Coinbase has announced no plans to open up an offering for Chinese residents. The exchange is however available for Hong Kong residents, for the time being. Hong Kong users can only convert between cryptocurrencies on their account, there is no support for fiat on- or off-ramps.
Bitcoin ATMs are not very widespread in China. Yet there are zero listed for mainland China, meaning you'll have to do some more digging if you want to find one.
In fact, it currently sits in the lobby of BTC China's headquarters, as a memory of times gone by. China, then, is not a haven of Bitcoin ATMs. If you're in mainland China and really need to access one, your best bet is going to Hong Kong or further abroad. With Bitcoin ATMs almost non-existent and crypto-to-fiat withdrawals difficult, when not illegal, the options are limited.
As outlined above, there is a decent amount of Chinese yuan liquidity on LocalBitcoins , meaning that this could be an effective method for cashing out.
It's for this reason that Hong Kong residents who are eager to get their savings out of the legacy banking system are trading BTC and USDT on physical wallets, paper and hardware.
Huobi also offers a peer-to-peer P2P marketplace, similar to LocalBitcoins. The majority of offers request Alipay as the payment method. As it is still not officially approved in China, be sure to take care when buying or selling any cryptocurrencies. Disclaimer: Buy Bitcoin Worldwide is not offering, promoting, or encouraging the purchase, sale, or trade of any security or commodity.